Prehabilitation, prehab for short, is conditioning the body and mind for surgery–before the surgery. Studies have shown that patients who participate in moderate exercise before surgery experience an accelerated recovery. This occurs because prehab creates an optimal environment for recovery by helping prepare the individual for surgery mentally, emotionally and physically. One of the main reasons for prehab is to help prevent unnecessary atrophy and is cental parts of helping the individual meet their post-surgical challenge. After surgery, patients display higher levels of functioning and less pain compared to those who did not participate in prehab.
Effectiveness of Pre-hab
A study by researchers at New England Baptist Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, all based in Boston, found that knee and hip replacement surgery patients who had participated in water- and land-based strength training, and aerobic and flexibility exercises for six weeks prior to their surgeries reduced their odds of needing inpatient rehabilitation by 73 percent.
Knowing what to expect following surgery is very important. It is well documented that individuals do much better after surgery if they know in advance what’s going to happen, including pain management, time in hospital, how soon to start movement, length of rehab, and possible complications. Knowledge and planning improve outcome.
Emotional preparation specifically addresses the patient’s fear of surgery. Knowledge of rehabilitation procedures and typical outcomes enables the patient to prepare emotionally and develop coping strategies.
By improving muscle strength and endurance, prehab reduces the chance of injury once conditioning programs are resumed. This preparation helps to accelerate the transition back into full function. Good muscle condition prior to surgery translates into improved muscle function after surgery.
Prehab is a fantastic opportunity for patients to become proactive in their recovery, even before their surgery takes place. For all you’re Prehab needs, call us on 9971 2185!!!
Source: Jaggers, J. R., C. D. Simpson, et al. (2007). “Prehabilitation before knee arthroplasty increases post-surgical function: a case study.” J Strength Cond Res 21(2): 632-4.
Revels, S (2008), “Prehabilitation, What it is and why you want it”, Sports Driven Rehabilitation and Training